Mykola Khvylovyi and the French Republic of Literature: the Experience of Re-reading
prof. dr hab. Halyna Khomenko
Charkowski Państwowy Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Hryhorija Skoworody (Ukraina)
Typ publikacji: oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Język artykułu: angielski
Słowa kluczowe: deconstruction, re/reading, différance, wedging, whirling, nuance, smell of words, mystery of death, endless / infinity
The article analyzes Mykola Khvylovy’s text as an area of multivector expression of the will to death, that in the first quarter of the XXth century is defined as the criterion for the high-value literature, the correlate of its complexity, the phenomenon which is endowed with great power and mystery that involves permanent cognitive anxiety, rotating, viewing, looking for a different point of view. That is why the series of literary versions of the writer’s tanatological projects include inherent need of supplement. Nowadays the justification for this need is proved by French deconstruction of Jacques Derrida (in the time of Khvylovy – “deconstruction to deconstruction of Friedrich Nietzsche”), which is recorded in the set of its viewpoints. One of them is the re/reading, which is selected to be the focus of analysing Khvylovy, as well as the experience of cognition of his death, offered by Leonid Plyushch, the Ukrainian scientist from France. It is taken into account that the deconstructive re/reading is the inversion of romantic idea of a language as “the soul of nation”, which is replaced by the idea of sidelong / “touching” and subtle game with a word or its fragments. Observed doubling is accompanied in the process of analysis by permanent fixation of the points of split and wedging that corresponds in the sphere of deconstruction to the science of pharmakon. For re/reading there are tanatological projects selected in the studio that meet deconstruction positions: those that are non-obvious outlined, where signs of death are felt as nuances, organic for Khvylovy’s poetics of the “smell of words”. The important part of the article is dedicated to re/reading of those writer’s tanatological models, which he exposed to his own re/reading, while testing himself by death and perfecting his death as a unique opportunity. Re/reading led to the conclusion that Khvylovy’s constructing of death corresponds the deconstructive experience of decentralization, which may be the correlate of “walking around the circles” or a set of rings that are, barely touching each other, provide endless additions in terms of différance, that could be the supplement to centripetal project in the manner of Leonid Plyushch’s anthroposophy.