Polish Hrushevskiana (the Late 19th – Early 20th Century): People and Ideas
prof. dr hab. Vitalii Telvak
Państwowy Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Iwana Franki w Drohobyczu (Ukraina)
Typ publikacji: oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Język artykułu: ukraiński
Słowa kluczowe: Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historiography, Polish Hrushevskiana, review, journalism, debate, international relations
The article presents the opinions about Mykhailo Hrushevsky’s life and work presented in the Polish historical and journalistic literature of the late 19th and early 20th century. Two periods in the development of Polish Hrushevskiana have been determined. The first one (the second half of the 1890s) is represented by a generally objective and scientific approach – specific research issues were actualised at that time, and a discussion that took place at the time was steered in the direction of finding the most appropriate solutions to the problem. The next one (the beginning of the 20th century) brought about a significant radicalisation of the Ukrainian and Polish national movements, and hence the aggravation of Polish-Ukrainian relations, which was reflected in the nature of the historiographical debates towards their politicisation. The basic characteristics and trends of the Polish Hrushevskiana have been revealed. The total dependence on historiographical assessments of the changed political landscape had been specified. It is concluded that Hrushevsky’s historiographical concepts in Polish historians’ interpretations embodied the conceptual basis of entire Ukrainian Clio. The process of politicisation of the Ukrainian-Polish historiographical debate at the beginning of the 20th century, to the aggravation to which the both parties have contributed, reflected a general tension in the relations between the neighbouring nations on the eve of the Great War. The revival of the dialogue of the previous period and its transformation into a monologue focused entirely on the collecting of national grievances brought about significant difficulties in seeking the international understanding during the war and after the emergence of the Second Polish Republic.