Faces of the Common in Hryhorij Skovoroda’s Philosophy
prof. dr hab. Iryna Bondarevska
Uniwersytet Narodowy „Akademia Kijowsko-Mohylańska” (Ukraina)
Typ publikacji: oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Język artykułu: ukraiński
Słowa kluczowe: Hryhorij Skovoroda’s philosophy, community and individual, concept of the common, spiritual community, self-knowledge, Ukrainian philosophy
Community and individual are major topics of philosophical discussions during the 17th–18th centuries in Europe. Is there a natural need of living together? What urges people to join and stay together despite the constant hostility and fighting? How to combine a duty to the community with individual freedom? A concept of the common is mostly negative in Skovoroda’s texts because the philosopher was in the permanent conflict with society, praised solitude and self-knowledge. The paper argues that this theme was very important for his concept of an ideal man. The analysis is structured into three sections: individual and society (duty to the community), individual and individual (friendship), truth and spiritual community (choir). It is said that Skovoroda’s perfect community correlates with the idea of ‘symphony’ as the cognitive and ethical principle.