Teresa Chynczewska – Hennel, PhD, DSc, ProfTit
University of Bialystok (Poland)
Publication type: scientific review article
Publication language: Polish
The book discusses the attitude of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth nobility to the Cossack problem in the second half of the 17th century. The chronological framework of the work is the period between the outbreak of the Khmelnytsky uprising up to the ratification of the Hadiach union by the sejm of the Commonwealth. The choice of this period made it possible to thoroughly analyze one of the key research subjects of the work, i.e. the evolution of views and attitudes among the nobility regarding the Cossack issue, and the factors affecting this process In the beginning of the book, I mostly concentrate on the determination of the nobility’s views concerning the motives for Cossacks’ armed revolt against the Commonwealth, which substantially affected the evaluation of the character of the uprising. Chapter two presents the main projects of solving the Cossack problem promoted by the contemporary Commonwealth authorities. Chapter three includes a discussion on the nobility’s attitude to the Cossack problem in the 1650–1654 period. Chapter four presents the circumstances which led to the Union of Hadiach, and opinions on that union prevalent among the nobility. It also discusses the main problems connected with the ratification of ghat agreement at the 1659 sejm.
Key words: The Cossacks, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania , nobility, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, the Khmelnytsky uprising, rebellion, the Orthodox church, the Union of Hadiach, opinions