Piotr Kroll, PhD
University of Warsaw (Poland)
Publication type: overview
Publication language: Polish
Philip Orlik, the last hetman of the Cossacks, did not arouse an interest among Polish historians as some of his predecessor, leaders of The Cossack Hetmanate. Needless to say that Cossacks – especially these represented by Orlik – did not have the strength like in the old days. Historians treated both hetman’s fate and his actions leading to regaining sovereignty of Cossack State (Hetmanate) superficially, they seen it just as a part of more complex historical process and political events. Because of that he was present in various works discussing foreign policy of Charles XII, Russia–Turkey relations or French policy leading to weaken Austria and its ally Russia. Last but not least he was seen as a stubborn politician fighting for a losing cause.
Key words: Philip Orlik, hetman of the Cossacks, Polish historiography