Paul the Apostle in Lesya Ukrainka’s Drama ‘In the Catacombs’. Context of Nietzsche’s Philosophy

Sebasian Delura, PhD
University of Warsaw (Poland)
ORCID: 0000-0003-4771-1259

Volume 3/2016

Publication type: research article

DOI: 10.32612/uw.23535644.2016.pp.95-109

Pages: 95-109

Publication language: Polish


The article presents the relationship between the drama of Larysa Kosach (Lesya Ukrainka) and philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. This connection is to show the crisis of Christian philosophy, which European culture faced at the turn of the 20th century. One of the significant roles was played by the Paul the Apostle, who often appears in Lesya Ukrainka’s drama and is the reason for polemics with the New Testament’s vision of the religion, the concept of the state and social order. The similarity with Nietzsche’s philosophy here is striking, because in both cases the “Good News” of the Saint of Tarsus is interpreted not only in opposition to the teachings of Christ, but first and foremost as the factor in early Christianity, which contributed to strengthening Christian morality consistently controverted by Nietzsche and Lesya Ukrainka.

Key words: Lesya Ukrainka, dramaturgy, In the Catacombs, science, religion, Paul the Apostle, Christianity, antiquity