Teresa Chynczewska – Hennel, PhD, DSc, ProfTit
University of Bialystok (Poland)
Publication type: research article
Publication language: Polish
Mykhailo Hrushevsky, a Ukrainian historian and politician, was born at Chełm on 29 September 1866, died on 25 November 1934 at Kislovodsk. He is the author of a ten-volume synthesis of History of Ukraine-Rus’, published in Lwow and Kiev in 1898–1936. In his work, he separated the history of Ukraine from the history of Russia. Living and working in specific national and social conditions of Ukraine at the turn of the 20th century, he disapproved of the role of Poland and Polish people in the history of Ukraine. The response of the Polish historiography of that time to Hrushevsky’s work was very negative – he was accused of having politicised history. Those opinions and polemics concerning Hrushevsky and his publication have been gathered and presented in a book by Ł. Adamski Nacjonalizm postępowy. Mychajło Hruszewski i jego poglądy na Polskę i Polaków [Progressive Nationalism. Mykhailo Hrushevsky and His Opinions of Poland and Poles], published in Warsaw in 2011. There is also a debate among Ukrainian historians. Since 1997 the History of Ukraine-Rus’ is being published in English (The Hrushevsky Translation Project), thanks to The Peter Jacyk Centre for Ukrainian Historical Research Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. The project is headed by Professor Frank E. Sysyn. The last, tenth volume, is entitled: From the Death of Khmelnytsky to the Union of Hadiach (Edmonton–Toronto 2014). The English edition is supplemented with a full and comprehensive critical apparatus and rich literature on the subject.
Key words: Mykhailo Hrushevsky, History of Ukraine-Rus’, Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Polish people, English edition