Iryna Bondarevska, PhD, DSc, ProfTit
National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine)
Publication type: research article
Publication language: Ukrainian
Community and individual are major topics of philosophical discussions during the 17th–18th centuries in Europe. Is there a natural need of living together? What urges people to join and stay together despite the constant hostility and fighting? How to combine a duty to the community with individual freedom? A concept of the common is mostly negative in Skovoroda’s texts because the philosopher was in the permanent conflict with society, praised solitude and self-knowledge. The paper argues that this theme was very important for his concept of an ideal man. The analysis is structured into three sections: individual and society (duty to the community), individual and individual (friendship), truth and spiritual community (choir). It is said that Skovoroda’s perfect community correlates with the idea of ‘symphony’ as the cognitive and ethical principle.
Key words: Hryhorij Skovoroda’s philosophy, community and individual, concept of the common, spiritual community, self-knowledge, Ukrainian philosophy